Socket preservation bone graft procedure is performed at the same visit as of tooth extraction. Once the tooth is extracted, it leaves a hollow space in the bone where the roots were. A bone graft can be placed in this hollow socket, often covered by a collagen membrane and stabilized with sutures. This bone graft can minimize shrinkage of jawbone in both width and height thus preparing the extraction site for a future dental implant.
The bone graft material can come from a variety of sources, natural or synthetic. It provides a matrix into which the natural bone will grow and fill the socket left after tooth extraction.
Because of the ease of placement immediately after the extraction, socket preservation bone grafts are also more predictable than other types of bone grafts that are necessary to replace bone that was lost. Preserving is always easier and less expensive than rebuilding!