What Is a Diastema Closure?
A diastema is a space or gap between two teeth. Whether it is a gap between your front two teeth or a gap between your back teeth. Diastema formation seems to be genetic and can be seen in both children and adults. Most diastemas are caused by a discrepancy between the size of a person’s jaw and their teeth. Another cause for diastemas between the top front two incisors in the presence of an overgrown labial frenulum. This soft tissue can push the front two teeth apart causing a space between those teeth.
What Are Some Treatment Options?
- Braces. Traditional braces treatment is the #1 method to close a diastema in the mouth. Your dentist will notify you if they recommend traditional braces that can close your space. Remember that even with braces, a frenectomy will be required if that is the cause of your diastema opening.
- Invisalign®. If you are an adult, and do not want traditional metal braces, invisible aligners may be a good alternative. These use a set of clear aligners to slowly close spaces and gaps inside your mouth. More complicated cases may need to be treated with traditional braces. Check with your dentist to see what their recommendations are.
- Dental Bonding. Bonding is similar to tooth fillings except there is no tooth structure removed prior to the placement of the bonding material. Normally, a tooth-colored resin composite material is used to close the space between the two teeth. Larger diastemas must include a set of braces or Invisalign to close the gaps.
- Porcelain Veneers. Another method that can be used to close a diastema is the use of porcelain veneers. Similar to bondings, these work well when the diastema space is small so that your smile can look natural. Larger diastemas again will need braces treatment to align them properly and close the gap.